There is a very complex explanation, but in this article, I will keep it very simple.
The Golden Ratio is a mathematical ratio of 1 by 1.618. This can be width by height, or vice versa (height by width).
Put another way, it is the Perfect Rectangle. Suppose you are editing an image with Adobe Photoshop, which is the best photo editing software, and the size is a width of 1000 pixels and a height of 618 pixels. This conforms to the golden ratio. Now, let's assume you want to crop the image into a perfect square (width and height are the same). The portion of the image that you take away conforms to the Golden Ratio.
This simple image, with a width of 1000 pixels and a height of 618 pixels, will explain this.
If this image were to be cropped, the portion of the left, the perfect square, will remain, and the right will be cut away. However, if the portion on the right remained instead, and the height was changed to 1000 pixels, the width would be 618 pixels, therefore, conforming to the ratio.
Amazing, isn't it?
Nature is often considered the ultimate creator of beauty, and the Golden Ratio can be found in various natural phenomena. For instance, the arrangement of seeds in a sunflower follows the spiral pattern based on the Golden Ratio. The branching of trees, the formation of shells, and even the proportions of the human body often exhibit this ratio. It is believed that the presence of the Golden Ratio in nature contributes to our aesthetic perception and appreciation of these objects.
Artists and designers throughout history have recognized the appeal of the Golden Ratio. Many famous works of art, such as Leonardo da Vinci's "Last Supper" and "Mona Lisa," and the Parthenon in Athens, Greece, have been constructed using this ratio. By employing the Golden Ratio, artists and designers create compositions that are visually pleasing and harmonious to the human eye. This is achieved by dividing a space into two parts, with the larger section being 1.618 times the size of the smaller section.
Architecture is another field where the Golden Ratio is frequently employed. Architects use this ratio to determine the proportions of buildings, rooms, and even furniture. By incorporating the Golden Ratio, architects create structures that are not only aesthetically pleasing but also provide a sense of balance and harmony. It is often observed that buildings designed using the Golden Ratio evoke a feeling of serenity and beauty.
Photographers also utilize the Golden Ratio as a compositional tool. The rule of thirds, a popular technique in photography, follows the principles of the Golden Ratio. By splitting an image into nine equal parts using two horizontal and two vertical lines, photographers can place key elements of interest along these lines or at the points where they intersect. This technique creates a visually balanced and appealing composition.
The Golden Ratio has even found its way into the realm of music. In composition and performance, musicians often apply this ratio to create harmonious melodies and rhythms. From ancient Greek music theory to contemporary jazz improvisation, the Golden Ratio helps musicians create musical structures that are pleasing to the ear and provide a sense of balance and proportion.
The Golden Ratio, with its inherent aesthetic appeal, is a concept that transcends various disciplines and applies to our everyday lives. From nature to art, design to architecture, photography to music, this mathematical ratio enhances our perception of beauty and harmony in the world around us. Whether consciously or subconsciously, the presence of the Golden Ratio influences our visual preferences and enhances our overall experience. So next time you encounter an aesthetically pleasing object, consider if the Golden Ratio might be at play, adding to its appeal.
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